After installing a fresh copy of Debian on a system, I find myself installing the same programs and making the same configuration changes quite often. Many times these processes required extensive research in order to find a functional method to achieve the goal. That is par for the course in the Linux world unfortunately. As such, I've decided to make a centralized repository of what I've learned since there is often no concise (or functional) documentation available.
Note: This information was written with a fresh install of Debian 9.0 in mind.
Terminal Prompt Reference $ - Designates a user prompt # - Designates a root prompt (or you can use sudo if your account is in the sudoers group)